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Photronics/Photonics

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Abet Technologies: driven by the concept of Function Focused Innovation. We are dedicated to designing tools for Photovoltaics research and production, UV exposure systems and research sources that are not only simple, intuitive, and easy to use, but loaded with performance enhancing features - all with cost efficiency in mind.  The results are represented in the unequaled performance of our products, our expanding product offering and the growing list of satisfied Abet Technologies customers.

Product Index:

Solar Simulators

Test Solutions

More Products

Downloads

Solar Simulators

 

15200_w_Simulator
Model #11018 Solar Simulator and #15200 Test Station
Abet Technologies offer a wide range of ASTM, IEC, and JIS standards compliant solar simulators ranging from 150W to 3kW with one sun or greater illuminated field sizes from 50 x 50 mm to 35 x 35 cm. The direction of illumination, traditional down pointing, horizontal, or vertical up pointing can be specified at the time of ordering.

 

All Abet solar simulators are completely self-contained. The source, arc lamp power supply, control electronics, shutter, lamp, and optical compartment are housed in a single compact enclosure. A digital shutter timer allows internal or external control of the shutter. HEPA filtering assures a clean supply of cooling air into the optical compartment.

 

11000_Sun_2000_SS
Model #11000 2x2 inch Solar Simulator

A number of spectral matching filters are available to add to all Abet full spectrum solar simulators. Full spectrum systems normally ship with a borosilicate condenser lens to minimize UV exposure. If UV output is required fused silica condensers can be substituted.

 

Class AAA solar simulators are provided with certification of standards compliance for spectral match, temporal stability, and spatial uniformity.

 

 

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Low Cost Solar Simulators

lowcost
Model 10500 Low Cost Solar Simulator

Cost Effective Solution

Abet Technologies model 10500 is a low cost solar simulator providing an attractive alternative to more fully featured and expensive solar simulators for applications that do not require a large area illuminated field. The optical system of the 10500 produces a collimated 25 mm beam. Focus or defocus it for higher irradiance or larger solar cells. One sun output is achievable up to a 35 mm diameter illuminated field.

Innovative Optical Design

The 10500 utilizes a fast F/1 optical system and rear reflector to collect radiation from the lamp allowing over 3 suns output over smaller fields. The beam can be collimated at 25 mm diameter or defocused to illuminate larger cells. Focus, lateral, and rear reflector adjustments allow for optimizing beam size and uniformity. One sun performance for up to a 35 mm diameter illuminated field with uniformity of +/- 20% can be achieved with careful alignment. Smaller areas within the illuminated field will provide higher levels of uniformity if required.

Adaptable System Configuration

The 10500 offers a flexible design that can be adapted to your particular needs. The standard configuration is a horizontal output full spectrum solar simulator. A number of different air mass filters that meet ASTM, IEC and JIS Class A specifications can be conveniently mounted to the face plate of the 10500 Solar Simulator. For down beam illumination, a 90 degree beam turner is available. Class B uniformity capable performance can be obtained with the 10511 Uniform Illumination Accessory.

lowcost2
10500 Low Cost Solar Simulator with the 10511 Uniform Illumination Accessory and the 20037 90° Beam Turner.

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Sun 2000 Class A

Innovative and Complete
50x50The Abet Gen II optical design, patent pending, dramatically increases the percentage of photons reaching the work plane.

All electronics are packaged in the lamp house -no clutter of high power cables to deal with. A digital shutter timer allowing both manual and external control is included with every unit.

Standard maintenance, lamp or filter replacement, does not require any tools.

Locking indicator dials on all the system controls provide for a reproducible and stable setup.

Clean Cooling
Any dust or dirt particles introduced into an optical system can degrade system performance and shorten the life of critical optical components. Sun 2000 sources utilize a HEPA filtered cooling fan to extend the life of the delicate optical components.

Adaptable
Abet Technologies offers a number of spectral and field size options to match your application. The Sun 2000 family standard offerings range from 50x50 mm to 3500x3500mm 1sun or more uniformly illuminated field versions for Photovoltaic and UV applications.

The compact design of the systems, combined with the long working distance optics, leaves the space below these instruments wide open for any sample positioning or testing equipment. Unit mounting options allow suspension from above leaving the space below totally free if needed.

Up-pointing and horizontal output direction models are also available.

Long working distances allow easy interface to vacuum boxes.

Beyond the standard AM 1.5 and AM 0 filters many other filters are offered to fine tune the spectral characteristics of the source for your particular application.

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Sun 3000 Class AAA

Abet11016A_img_1
Abet Technologies Model 11016A Sun 3000 110x110mm Solar Simulator.
Innovative and Complete


The Abet Gen II optical design, patent pending, dramatically increases the percentage of photons reaching the work plane.

All electronics are packaged in the lamp house - no clutter of high power cables to deal with. Photofeedback and digital shutter timer are included.

Standard maintenance, lamp or filter replacement, does not require any tools. Locking indicator dials on all the system controls provide for a reproducible and stable setup. A built-in beam imaging accessory assists in system alignment.

 

Clean Cooling
Any dust or dirt particles introduced into an optical system can degrade system performance and shorten the life of critical optical components. Sun 3000 sources utilize a HEPA filtered cooling fan to extend the life of the delicate optical components.

Adaptable
Abet Technologies offers a number of spectral and field size options to match your application. The Sun 3000 family standard offerings range from 50x50 mm to 400x400 mm 1 sun or more uniformly illuminated field versions for Photovoltaic and UV applications.

Beyond the standard AM 1.5 and AM 0 filters many other filters are offered to fine tune the spectral characteristics of the source for your particular application.

A low profile optical alignment system leaves the space below the system wide open for any material positioning equipment or large samples. Unit mounting options allow suspension from above leaving space below totally free if needed.

Up-pointing and horizontal output direction models are also available.

Long working distances allow easy interface to vacuum boxes.

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High Output Simulators

highoutput
Model 11042 Sun 2000 High Output
156 x 156mm Solar Simulator
Innovative and Complete


The Abet Gen II optical design, patent pending, dramatically increases the percentage of photons reaching the work plane.

 

All electronics are packaged in the lamp house - no clutter of high power cables to deal with. A digital shutter timer allowing both manual and external control is included with every unit.

Standard maintenance, lamp or filter replacement, does not require any tools.

Locking indicator dials on all the system controls provide for a reproducible and stable setup.

High Output Power
For those requiring multiple sun output the 11014 will provide more than 10 suns (10,000W/m^2) for the 50 x 50mm illuminated field.

Clean Cooling
Any dust or dirt particles introduced into an optical system can degrade system performance and shorten the life of critical optical components. Sun 2000 sources utilize a HEPA filtered cooling fan to extend the life of the delicate optical components.

Adaptable
Abet Technologies offers a number of spectral and field size options to match your application. The Sun 2000 family standard offerings range from 50x50 mm to 3500x3500mm 1 sun or more uniformly illuminated field versions for Photovoltaic and UV applications.

The compact design of the systems, combined with the long working distance optics, leaves the space below these instruments wide open for any sample positioning or testing equipment. Unit mounting options allow suspension from above leaving the space below totally free if needed.

Up-pointing and horizontal output direction models are also available.

Long working distances allow easy interface to vacuum boxes.

Beyond the standard AM 1.5 and AM 0 filters many other filters are offered to fine tune the spectral characteristics of the source for your particular application.

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Test Solutions

Vacuum Chuck Temperature Monitored Test Stations

Optimal design for functionality and ease of use

 

15200_w_Simulator
Model #11018 Solar Simulator and #15200 Test Station
Abet Technologies Photovoltaic (PV) IV Test Stations provide a simple to use, reproducible electrical interface for solar cell testing, and offer many adjustable features to work with a wide range of solar cell sizes as well as many cell busses in production or under development. In addition, we've designed them to minimize testing errors and allow STC (standard test conditions) corrections.

Our stations provide a reliable electrical interface, allowing for reproducible cell positioning. Abet Test Stations interface easily with other components for complete test setups, saving the user time and effort, and facilitating the acquisition of meaningful data.

 

 

 

Vacuum Chuck Temperature Controlled Test Stations

 

15202
Model #15202 Test Station
These test stations offer the same reliable repeatable measurement capability of our temperature monitored stations with the added dimension of temperature control.

 

Peltier cooling allows a wide range of temperature control for these stations. The temperature range is from the dew point to 70 degrees C. Once the desired temperature is reached the station will maintain the temperature with less than a 1 degree C variation.

A supplied electronics cabinet houses the cooling electronics and vacuum fittings and valves.

 

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Tracer - IV-curve Software
screenshot5
click for larger screenshot

In Tracer you will find your all-in-one solution for the measurement and elaboration of IV-curve measurements. Tracer is the core application developed by ReRa that will help you to characterize your solar cells and compare the results.

Tracer natively supports the control of Keithley 24xx and 26xx sourcemeters.These instruments have proven their strength over time for the measurement of solar cells. They range from 1 - 5 Amperes. By means of plugins other measurement systems can also be controlled.

Modern User Interface

Tracer was developed with the latest Microsoft.NET Technology, which resulted in a modern 'Microsoft Office 2007' look and feel. A stable operation on the Microsoft Windows platform is guaranteed. Other popular platforms like Linux and MacOS will be supported soon.

ReRa application concept

Tracer combines the strengths of the following four components:

Tracer Extensions

The core Tracer application makes it possible for a user to measure solar cells by pressing just a button. This will be most of the time sufficient, however Tracer is extendable with so called: Tracer Extensions. These extensions can be downloaded (for free) from our website. Extensions make it possible to use professional algorithms, apply common measurements techniques and much more...

Elaboration Algorithms

The algorithms used in Tracer meet the IEC-standards for Efficiency measurements. A dedicated fitting algorithm to extract the two-diode model parameters is included. Dark curves can be eleborated and diffusion length calculations are incorporated.

Instrument control

Common instruments used for IV-curve measurements are:

  • Keithley 2400 series
  • Keithley 2600 series
  • Kepco BOB
  • Data Acquisition
  • Temperature Control
  • Power supplies

Database Storage

Measurements are stored in project files that can always be opened, even when the instruments are not available. Most companies, however, have the need for database storage of their measurements. Tracer currently has database connectors for the following databases:

  • SQL server
  • MySQL

Measurements are stored in the company database where they can be compared and elaborated with ReRa elaboration software.

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Reference Cells

NREL calibrated cell used for calibration transfer

reference
Model #15150 Calibrated Reference Cell

The Abet Technologies solar reference cell is a precision instrument for the determination of solar simulator irradiance levels. The sensor is a mono-crystalline silicon solar cell having an area of2x2cm(4cm).The back of the solar cell is attached to the device in such a way that a good heat transfer to the device housing is guaranteed. Below the solar cell a Pt100 RTD temperature sensor is mounted to allow monitoring of device temperature. The device is not shunted allowing the whole IV-curve to be measured. The solar cell is protected by a high quality fused silica window, assuring spectral sensitivity over a 320 -1100 nm range.

The reference solar cell is calibrated at the PV-device calibration facility of the Radboud University of Nijmegen in the Netherlands. This calibration laboratory uses state of the art instruments to characterize solar cells. All reference solar cells are calibrated against an NREL calibrated reference cell. Calibration is performed using a Class A AM 1.5G spectral distribution Abet Technologies Sun 2000 Solar Simulator at near 1000 Wm -2 irradiance level and then corrected to the STC of 1000 Wm -2 and 25°C.

Each reference solar cell is delivered with a calibration report showing the IV-curve plot and the following parameters: Isc, Voc, I, Vmpp, Fill Factor and Efficiency.

Relative spectral response measurement is available as one of the options.

Calibrated reference cells are available for immediate shipment.

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PV IV Solutions

 

Vacuum_IV_System_1
156x156 PV IV Test Station

Please contact us for information on
complete PV IV measurement systems.

 

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UV Exposure Sources

abet_technologie_i00006e
6 Inch Flood Exposure Source
Innovative



The Abet Gen II patent pending optical design dramatically increases the percentage of photons reaching the work plane.

 

Standard maintenance, lamp, or filter replacement, does not require any tools. Locking indicator dials on all the system controls, located together for ease of alignment, provide for a reproducible setup. A beam imaging accessory makes alignment even faster.

All electronics are packaged in the lamp house — no clutter of high power cables to deal with.

These systems provide UV rich uniform illumination from either Mercury or Mercury Xenon arc lamps specifically chosen to maximize UV output.

Adaptable

Abet Technologies offers a number of spectral and field size options to match your application. Sources range in size from 2 x 2 to 8 x 8 inch uniformly illuminated fields.

Additional filters can be accommodated to fine tune the spectral characteristics of the source for your particular application.

A low profile optical alignment system leaves the space below the system wide open for any material positioning equipment or large samples. Unit mounting options allow from above suspension leaving space below totally free if needed.

Compact, Integrated, Efficient, Safe, Convenient to use and maintain.

The entire source, power supply, control electronics, shutter, lamp, and optical compartment are housed in a compact enclosure, approximately 13.75” deep X 23.75” high X 27.5” long (350X600X700 mm). A selection of simple bases allows positioning the various models at their design working distances. The design produces a well balanced unit which is usually used free standing. It can also be suspended from above, and the base removed, for applications requiring more space around the illuminated work plane.

Gen II Optical System — more than 2x throughput improvement

The high efficiency illumination homogenizer is housed in the optical compartment which also contains a securely mounted Hg or HgXe arc lamp, a light collection reflector, an electronic shutter, a condenser lens, optics cooling fan, precision optics adjusters, as well as filters, dichroics, mirrors, apertures, and attenuators needed to produce the desired spectral shape, uniformity and irradiance level.

Replacing the arc lamp is a no tools required operation. Focusing the lamp does not expose the operator to any unsafe light levels (the exception possibly being the usual high irradiance level in the work plane).

All of the optical compartment adjustments are conveniently located on the rear of the source enclosure. They are equipped with lockable indicator dials that provide positive feedback on alignment status and assure stable operation once aligned.

Clean Cooling

Any dust or dirt particles introduced into an optical system can degrade system performance and shorten the life of critical optical components. All Abet sources utilize a HEPA filtered cooling fan to extend the life of the delicate optical components.

Shutter Control

A digital timer for shutter control is available from the control panel on the lamp housing or via a USB or wireless computer interface. A photofeedback option for dose controlled exposure is also available. This option incorporates a light detector housed in the optical compartment, the detector monitors the irradiance being delivered to the work plane. As the lamp or optical components age, and the received signal diminishes, an electronic feedback loop adjusts the shutter open time to assure a constant dose level to the work plane.

Self Contained Electronics

The electronics compartment houses all the required power supplies, the electronics cooling fan, the shutter driver electronics, the digital controls (or the Elapsed Time Meter for preset operating point systems) and the system interlocks.

Having the complete source in a single enclosure assures that any EMI generated during ignition is contained inside the housing. It also eliminates the need for costly shielded cables and connectors.

Safety

Thermal interlocks shut the power supplies down in case of a fan failure to prevent damage that system overheating can cause. Door interlocks shut the lamp power down to prevent user exposure to hazardous voltage, current or radiation if the system door is accidentally opened during system operation.

 

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Flood Exposure Sources PDF Print  

200 Watt Flood Exposure Sources 350-450 nm

Field Size Model Number Working Distance (suggested) Working Distance (closest) Working Distance (farthest) Divergence full angle (typical)
2 x 2 Inch120005.906 inch2.953 inch9.843 inch8.1 inch

500 Watt Flood Exposure Sources 350-450 nm

Field Size Model Number Working Distance (suggested) Working Distance (closest) Working Distance (farthest) Divergence full angle (typical)
2 x 2120145.906 inch2.953 inch9.843 inch8.1 inch
4 x 4120167.874 inch1.969 inch59.055 inch4.5 inch
6 x 6120187.874 inch1.969 inch78.740 inch3.4 inch
8 x 8120207.874 inch1.969 inch98.425 inch2.8 inch

1000 Watt Flood Exposure Sources 350-450 nm

Field Size Model Number Working Distance (suggested) Working Distance (closest) Working Distance (farthest) Divergence full angle (typical)
2 x 2120385.906 inch2.953 inch9.843 inch8.1 inch
4 x 4120407.874 inch1.969 inch59.055 inch4.5 inch
6 x 6120427.874 inch1.969 inch78.740 inch3.4 inch
8 x 8120447.874 inch1.969 inch98.425 inch2.8 inch
10 x 10120465.906 inch1.969 inch118.110 inch2.3 inch

 

Model Number Additional Spectral Bands
12052220 - 260 nm UV Option
12054260-320 nm near UV Option

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Exposure Sources Specifications PDF Print  

General Specifications

  • Irradiance uniformity 5% or better
  • Nominal working distance 8 inches
  • Irradiance uniformity stays well behaved for long distances for most systems.
  • Standard systems illuminate Horizontal surfaces
  • Optional straight output systems Vertical surfaces
  • Electronic shutter Included
  • Integrated 90 / 250 V, 50-60 Hz universal input power supply, power factor corrected, 1% RMS (typ.) light ripple
  • HEPA filtered cooling fan
  • Mercury or Mercury Xenon arc lamps
  • Elapsed time meter
  • Digital control of shutter computer controllable via USB or wireless interface
  • Optional built in photofeedback system

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Light Sources

LS 150 Xenon Arc Lamp Source

abet_technologie_i00003f
LS150 Xenon Arc Lamp Source
Features

 

  • 150 W Xe Arc Lamp
  • Fast F/1.0 condenser
  • Unlimited expansion possibilities
  • OEM ready

The patent pending LS-150 is a compact, integrated, functional and stable 150 watt arc lamp based light source. The entire source, power supply, lamp, and optical compartment are housed in an extremely compact enclosure, 9 x 6 x 11 inches. The unit’s base allows mounting on inch or metric spaced optical tables with the optics centered over the hole pattern to allow for easy integration with the rest of your setup.

Having the complete source in a single enclosure assures that any EMI generated during ignition is contained inside the housing. It also eliminates the need for costly shielded cables and connectors.

Optical System
The optical compartment of the LS-150 contains the lamp, a fused silica F/1.0 condenser, a rear reflector to collect and direct radiation emitted from the back of the lamp, all controls necessary to maximize collection and target the output beam to it’s desired location. The lamp is mounted, strain free, on a swing out lamp mount making lamp replacement a simple, no tools required operation.

Electronics Compartment
The electronics compartment houses the low ripple power supply, a low noise and vibration cooling fan, an elapsed time meter for keeping track of lamp hours, and system interlocks. The safety interlocks will shut the entire system down in the case of a fan failure. Door interlocks for both the electronics and optical compartments will shut the system down to prevent exposure to hazardous voltages, current, and high intensity light if the doors are opened during system operation

High Stability Option
Each LS-150 is supplied with a high stability option that is easy to install in the field. This option isolates the optical compartment from small amounts of vibration that might be introduced by the system cooling fan and can produce significant stability improvement.

Accessories
Accessories are easily accommodated with a flexible design front plate. Abet accessories as well as any 1.035-40 thread optics cells and 30 mm cage mount system components directly to the front plate. A number of inexpensive adapters to industry standard interfaces are available to accommodate C-mount and Newport-Oriel flange based components.

Please see the accessories page for complete descriptions of our available accessories.

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Arc Source Accessories and Adapters PDF Print  

Accessories are easily accommodated by the flexible design of the front plate of LS series sources. The LS faceplate accepts all Abet accessories as well as any 1.035-40 thread optics cells and 30 mm cage system components directly. C-mount and Newport-Oriel flange based accessories are accommodated with inexpensive adapters.

Manual Filter Wheel
This is a six-position manual filter wheel for 1-inch diameter (25 mm), up to 3 mm thick optics. Use our 20043 or 20044 1” cells to accommodate thicker optics. The wheel can be used like a microscope turret. With a selection of focusing condensers loaded different spot sizes and irradiance level spots can be produced.

 

Focusing Condensers
These condensers are 1 inch (25 mm) diameter UV grade Fused Silica lenses mounted in a cell that screws right into the output face of our LS source or into the 20065 filter wheel.

Other focal length condensers are available please contact us for information and pricing.

 

90 Degree Beam Turner
These mounts allow a beam to be turned by 90 degrees, without any vignetting, with a mirror, or to provide wavelength separation when equipped with a dichroic reflector. The output faces are also equipped with 4-40 tapped holes for a 30 mm cage system. These reflector mounts can also be attached to each other for additional filtering.

Mirrors for other spectral regions are available. Please contact us for information and pricing.

 

#20032 Adapter
The #20032 adapter is used to mount Oriel 1.5 inch series flange components to the face plate of LS sources

 

#20033 Adapter
The #20033 adapter is used to mount standard C-mount accessories to LS series sources.

 

Adapters
The 20043 and 20044 1.035-40 threaded 1 inch cells are used to mount optics to the output face of the LS-150 source or the 20065 filter wheel.

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ProductBrochure/File Download
Manual
LS 150 Xenon Arc Lamp Source261KB page_white_acrobat257KB page_white_acrobat
Sun 2000 Class A 50x50 mm93KB page_white_acrobat3.3MB 
Sun 2000 Class A  100x100 mm87KB page_white_acrobat3.3MB page_white_acrobat
Sun 2000 Class A  156 x156 mm92KB page_white_acrobat3.3MB page_white_acrobat
Sun 3000 Solar Simulators
110 x 110 mm
87KB page_white_acrobat 
Low Cost Solar Simulator
231KB page_white_acrobat
High Output Simulators 50x50 mm94KB page_white_acrobat 
High Output Simulators 156 x156 mm97KB page_white_acrobat 
Temperature Monitored Test Station147KB page_white_acrobat 
PV IV Measurement System 2.0MB page_white_acrobat
Reference Cells
855KB page_white_acrobat
UV Exposure Sources196KB page_white_acrobat3.7MB page_white_acrobat
Tracer IV Measurement Software648KB page_white_acrobat

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